Author(s): Gaafar A, Fadl A, el Kadaro AY, el Hassan MM, Kemp M,
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Abstract Sporotrichoid cutaneous leishmaniasis is due to dissemination of amastigotes via the lymphatics to the subcutaneous tissues. A comparison was made between the potential to disseminate by this route of 2 parasites of different zymodemes in Sudan and Saudi Arabia. In Sudan cutaneous leishmaniasis is caused by Leishmania major zymodeme LON-1, and in Saudi Arabia by L. major LON-4. Sporotrichoid leishmaniasis was significantly more common in Sudan, occurring in 23\% of patients compared with 10\% in Saudi Arabia. Lymph node involvement was slightly more prevalent in the Sudan. Clinical and pathological differences between subcutaneous nodules, particularly when they ulcerate, and multiple primary cutaneous lesions are described and treatment of localized and sporotrichoid leishmaniasis is discussed. The pathological features of the primary lesions in the Sudan and Saudi Arabia were similar.
This article was published in Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg
and referenced in Journal of Community & Public Health Nursing