alexa Stability of prostaglandin E(2) (PGE (2)) embedded in poly-D,L: -lactide-co-glycolide microspheres: a pre-conditioning approach for tissue engineering applications.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Tissue Science & Engineering

Author(s): Watzer B, Zehbe R, Halstenberg S, James Kirkpatrick C, Brochhausen C

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Abstract Prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) is involved in angiogenesis, bone repair and cartilage metabolism. Thus, PGE(2) might represent a suitable signaling molecule in different tissue engineering applications. PGE(2) also has a short half-life time. Its incorporation into poly-D: ,L: -lactide-co-glycolide (PLGA) microspheres was demonstrated in a previous study. However, the stability of bioactive PGE(2) in these microspheres is unknown. With an adjusted mass spectrometry assay we investigated the amount of incorporated PGE(2) and the stability of PGE(2) in conventional cell culture medium and in PLGA microspheres. The stability of PGE(2) was closely pH dependent. Strong acidic or basic environments reduced the half-life from 300 h (pH 2.6-4.0) to below 50 h at pH 2.0 or pH 8.8. The half-life of PGE(2) incorporated into poly-D: ,L: -lactide-co-glycolide increased drastically to 70 days at 37 degrees C and to 300 days at 8 degrees C. Analysis with scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) demonstrated a distinct nanostructure of the polymeric phase and both nano- and microporosity. This article was published in J Mater Sci Mater Med and referenced in Journal of Tissue Science & Engineering

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