Author(s): Nayak BK, Das GM, Nayak BK, Das GM
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Abstract Although it is clear that p53 plays a pivotal role in G1/G2 checkpoints to conserve genomic integrity, its role in S phase checkpoint is less well understood. Recently, it has been reported that p53 is transcriptionally impaired even though it is stabilized during replication blockade. However, the mechanisms underlying this phenomenon are not known. In the present study, it has been shown that p53 accumulates and transactivates its target genes such as p21, gadd45 and bax in response to replication blockade in normal and cancer cells. Lack of transcriptional activation under similar conditions in cells lacking p53 shows that p53-target gene activation during replication blockade is indeed p53-dependent. Further, transactivation of p21 in response to replication blockade by hydroxyurea and aphidicolin is similar to that in response to ionizing radiation except that the latter is more immediate compared to the response to replication blockade. These findings suggest that impairment of transcriptionally active p53 in response to replication blockade is not a general phenomenon.
This article was published in Oncogene
and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy