Author(s): Han JT, Zheng Y, Cho JH, Xu X, Cho K
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Abstract Organic-inorganic hybrid films were prepared through layer-by-layer (LBL) deposition of poly(allylamine hydrochloride) (PAH) and ZrO(2) nanoparticles coated with poly(acrylic acid) (PAA), allowing facile control of surface roughness and hydrophobicity. Superhydrophobic behavior was observed after deposition of silica nanoparticles and a simple fluorination of the surface. The structure of films was controlled by the number of deposition cycles using PAA-coated 100 nm ZrO(2) nanoparticles, the particle size, and the prelayer with PAH and PAA. The change in the apparent water contact angle of (PAH/PAA-coated ZrO(2)n surfaces without fluorination of the surface agrees with Cassie and Baxter's model for nonwetted surfaces even though the outermost surface itself is hydrophilic. Superhydrophobic surfaces were then successfully developed by the deposition of hydrophilic silica nanoparticles on a 10 bilayer surface of PAH/PAA-coated ZrO(2), and a simple fluorination. Moreover, the chemical stability of the film was greatly increased by heat-induced cross-linking of the film. The incorporation of ZrO(2) nanoparticles in superhydrophobic films promises better mechanical properties than the organic film.
This article was published in J Phys Chem B
and referenced in Journal of Advanced Chemical Engineering