alexa Standardization and quality control of quantitative microscopy in pathology.
Agri and Aquaculture

Agri and Aquaculture

Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development

Author(s): Becker RL Jr

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Abstract Standardization and quality control of quantitative microscopy techniques are distinct but related concerns. The first deals with the great variety of quantitative methods, measured features, and even response variables used in investigation of biological or clinical processes. The latter deals with reproducibility of results from those investigations across time and test performance sites. Though distinct, efforts for standardization and quality control are inherently interactive. Consensus on standard methods, instrumentation, and data analysis is hard to achieve in fields developing as rapidly as quantitative microscopy. Consensus is possible, however, on the issues that affect test performance and interpretation. For example, issues of specimen type, fixation, processing, and staining affect image cytometry just as they do flow cytometry. Raw data acquisition issues include area sampling rules and fidelity of optical and sensor systems (light wavelength, glare/stray light, lens aberrations, numerical aperture, depth of focus, scan precision, pixel spacing and depth, sensor linearity, and stability). Intermediate data issues are primarily related to image foreground/background segmentation techniques--automated versus manual, object-specific versus field-based. Data reduction and interpretation procedures also provide many roads for divergence from uniformity. Each of these issues must be considered in terms of its effect on comparability and utility of quantitative microscopy results. Quality control for quantitative microscopy is as important as standardization for its use in research programs and with clinical specimens. The sine qua non of quality control is comparison of experimental results against a known "correct" value to estimate accuracy, and against other experimental results to estimate precision.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
This article was published in J Cell Biochem Suppl and referenced in Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development

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