Author(s): Nie L, Wu G, Zhang W
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Abstract Global gel-free proteomic analysis by mass spectrometry has been widely used as an important tool for exploring complex biological systems at the whole genome level. Simultaneous analysis of a large number of protein species is a complicated and challenging task. The challenges exist throughout all stages of a global gel-free proteomic analysis: experimental design, peptide/protein identification, data preprocessing and normalization, and inferential analysis. In addition to various efforts to improve the analytical technologies, statistical methodologies have been applied in all stages of proteomic analyses to help extract relevant information efficiently from large proteomic datasets. In this review, we summarize current applications of statistics in several stages of global gel-free proteomic analysis by mass spectrometry. We discuss the challenges associated with the applications of various statistical tools. Whenever possible, we also propose potential solutions on how to improve the data collection and interpretation for mass-spectrometry-based global proteomic analysis using more sophisticated and/or novel statistical approaches.
This article was published in Crit Rev Biotechnol
and referenced in Applied Microbiology: Open Access