Author(s): Kouzaki M, Shinohara M
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Abstract To investigate the functional significance of force fluctuations during voluntary contraction with a select muscle group, we examined the association between force fluctuations during voluntary contraction with plantar flexor muscles and postural sway during quiet standing in 20 young and 20 elderly adults. Young and elderly subjects maintained a quiet standing position on a force platform. They also performed a force-matching task with unilateral isometric plantar flexion. A positive correlation was found in young and elderly adults between the coefficient of variation (CV) of center of pressure during quiet standing and the CV of force during plantar flexion only at contraction intensities of < or =5\% maximum voluntary contraction that corresponded to muscle activity during quiet standing. The electromyogram power in the medial gastrocnemius was greater in the elderly than in young adults by approximately 10 Hz during quiet standing and at low contraction intensities during plantar flexion. Fluctuations in motor output during low-intensity plantar flexion were associated with postural sway during quiet standing in both young and elderly adults.
This article was published in Muscle Nerve
and referenced in Anatomy & Physiology: Current Research