alexa Steady-state pharmacokinetics of a novel extended-release metformin formulation.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability

Author(s): Timmins P, Donahue S, Meeker J, Marathe P

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Metformin is an effective treatment for type 2 diabetes mellitus. The pharmacokinetic characteristics of the conventional immediate-release (IR) formulation of metformin (Glucophage), however, necessitate two- or three-times-daily dosing. Development of a novel extended-release (XR) formulation of metformin (Glucophage XR) using GelShield Diffusion System technology provides a once-daily dosing option. The objective of this study was to assess the steady-state pharmacokinetics of metformin XR tablets. STUDY DESIGN: This was an open-label, multiple-dose, five-regimen, two-sequence clinical study lasting 5 weeks. METHODS: Subjects were 16 healthy volunteers aged 18-40 years. Three 1-week regimens of metformin XR (500, 1000 and 1500 mg once daily) were administered sequentially. Subjects were alternately given either metformin XR 2000 mg once daily or metformin IR 1000 mg twice daily during weeks 4 and 5. The pharmacokinetic properties of metformin XR were assessed on two separate days at steady state and compared with those of metformin IR. RESULTS: Absorption of metformin XR was slower than that of metformin IR (time to maximum plasma concentration = 7 versus 3 hours). Maximum plasma concentrations (Cmax) following the administration of metformin XR 2000 mg once daily was 36\% higher than that following the evening dose of metformin IR 1000 mg twice daily. The extent of absorption, determined by area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC), was equivalent for both formulations. The mean accumulation ratio of metformin XR was 1.0, indicating no accumulation with multiple-dose administration. Intrasubject variabilities in Cmax and AUC of metformin were comparable between metformin XR and metformin IR. This novel formulation of metformin XR was well tolerated at single doses up to 2000 mg once daily for 7 days, and adverse events were similar to those reported with metformin IR. CONCLUSION: The pharmacokinetic parameters of metformin XR tablet using GelShield Diffusion System technology were similar to those of metformin IR. Metformin XR was well tolerated at single doses up to 2000 mg once daily. This article was published in Clin Pharmacokinet and referenced in Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords