alexa Stem cells in gastrointestinal epithelium: numbers, characteristics and death.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Tissue Science & Engineering

Author(s): Potten CS

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The mammalian intestinal mucosa, with its distinctive polarity, high rate of proliferation and rapid cell migration, is an excellent model system to study proliferative hierarchies and the regulation of cell division, differentiation and cell death. Each crypt contains a few lineage ancestral stem cells (the 'ultimate stem cells'). However, there are other potential stem cells within the early lineage, and many rapidly proliferating transit cells with no stem cell capabilities. Apoptosis under two circumstances has a specificity for the ultimate stem cells in the small intestine and this represents, in one case, part of the stem cell homeostatic process and, in another case, a protective mechanism against DNA damage. Apoptosis occurs with a lower frequency in the large intestine owing to the expression of the bcl-2 gene in this region, and this probably contributes to the causes for the low cancer risk in the small bowel and the high risk in the large bowel. Current studies are beginning to unravel the complex interaction of growth factors and regulatory genes that determine whether a cell divides, differentiates or dies.
This article was published in Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci and referenced in Journal of Tissue Science & Engineering

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 12th Edition of International Conference on Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
    May 10-11, 2018,Frankfurt, Germany
  • 4th International Conference on Synthetic Biology and Tissue Engineering
    June 11-12, 2018 Rome, Italy
  • 9th International Conference on Tissue Science and Regenerative Medicine
    July 19-20, 2018 Melbourne, Australia
  • 4th International Conference on Wound Care, Tissue Repair & Regenerative Medicine
    October 5-6, 2018 Los Angeles, USA
  • 9th International Conference on Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
    November 9-10 , 2018 Atlanta, Georgia ,USA

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords