alexa Stereospecific interactions of proline residues in protein structures and complexes.
Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics

Author(s): Bhattacharyya R, Chakrabarti P

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The constrained backbone torsion angle of a proline (Pro) residue has usually been invoked to explain its three-dimensional context in proteins. Here we show that specific interactions involving the pyrrolidine ring atoms also contribute to its location in a given secondary structure and its binding to another molecule. It is adept at participating in two rather non-conventional interactions, C-H...pi and C-H...O. The geometry of interaction between the pyrrolidine and aromatic rings, vis-à-vis the occurrence of the C-H...pi interactions has been elucidated. Some of the secondary structural elements stabilized by Pro-aromatic interactions are beta-turns, where a Pro can interact with an adjacent aromatic residue, and in antiparallel beta-sheet, where a Pro in an edge strand can interact with an aromatic residue in the adjacent strand at a non-hydrogen-bonded site. The C-H groups at the Calpha and Cdelta positions can form strong C-H...O interactions (as seen from the clustering of points) and such interactions involving a Pro residue at C' position relative to an alpha-helix can cap the hydrogen bond forming potentials of the free carbonyl groups at the helix C terminus. Functionally important Pro residues occurring at the binding site of a protein almost invariably engage aromatic residues (with one of them being held by C-H...pi interaction) from the partner molecule in the complex, and such aromatic residues are highly conserved during evolution.
This article was published in J Mol Biol and referenced in Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords