Author(s): Kato Y, Horikawa Y, Nishimura Y, Shimoda H, Shigeto E,
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Abstract Tuberculosis osteitis is mainly observed as a late complication of the pulmonary infection. We describe a 9-mo-old Japanese infant who became infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis even after receiving Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccination at 3 mo of age. This is the first report that the sternum is the localization for tuberculous osteitis in infants. He developed a localized tumor in the sternum without any respiratory symptom. Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex was detected by means of nucleic acid amplification test. Gastric aspirates also yielded Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The source of the infection was unclear. CONCLUSION: Tuberculous osteitis should be excluded in infants with undiagnosed bone lesions, even if they have been vaccinated with BCG.
This article was published in Acta Paediatr
and referenced in Mycobacterial Diseases