alexa Steroid hormones and growth factors act in an integrated manner at the levels of hypothalamic astrocytes: a role in the neuroendocrine control of reproduction.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Steroids & Hormonal Science

Author(s): Galbiati M, Saredi S, Melcangi RC

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Several growth factors (e.g., transforming growth factors beta and alpha, basic fibroblast growth factor), produced by hypothalamic astrocytes, participate in the control of hypothalamic gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) neurons. On this basis, we have hypothesized that steroid hormones, like estrogens and progestagens, influence the GnRH neurons by modulating in glial cells the synthesis and the release of these growth factors. Data reported here indicate that the expression of transforming growth factor beta 1 is modulated in hypothalamic astrocytes by a progesterone derivative (i.e., dihydroprogesterone), while estrogens modulate that of basic fibroblast growth factor. Moreover, it is interesting to highlight that the effect of estrogens on basic fibroblast growth factor is mediated by another growth factor (i.e., transforming growth factor alpha). Altogether, the present findings support the concept that steroid hormones and growth factors act in an integrated manner at the level of hypothalamic astrocytes, thus adding a further piece of knowledge in the understanding of the mechanisms controlling GnRH neurons.
This article was published in Ann N Y Acad Sci and referenced in Journal of Steroids & Hormonal Science

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version