Author(s): Supecka M, Woliski J, Prykhodko O, Ochniewicz P, Gruijc D,
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Abstract Use of nutritional components from the milk and eventually from the solid feed relates to the growth and development of gastrointestinal tract (GIT). We studied the effect of pancreatic-like enzymes [porcine pancreatic enzymes (Creon) or microbial-derived amylase, protease, and lipase] on GIT morphology and lipid absorption in suckling piglets. Both enzyme preparations, in low or high dose, were fed via a stomach tube twice a day for 7 d starting at 8 d of age and controls received vehicle, n = 6. The day after treatments ended, lipid absorption was tested after which pigs were euthanized and GIT was examined. Enzyme cocktails, irrespective of their origin, increased (P < 0.001) triglyceride level in blood. Enzyme preparation affected (P < 0.001) small intestinal mucosal thickness, villi length, and crypt depth and (P < 0.01) mitotic division of enterocytes. In addition, the external administration of pancreatic enzymes stimulated pancreatic growth as observed by increased (P < 0.05) mitotic division of pancreatic cells. The study revealed that pancreatic or pancreatic-like enzymes of microbial origin administrated in the early postperinatal period enhance GIT development and may be used to better prepare the GIT of piglets for milk use and weaning.
This article was published in J Anim Sci
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism