Author(s): Wu X, Itoh N, Taniguchi T, Hirano J, Nakanishi T,
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Abstract Sodium-dependent vitamin C transporter (SVCT) 2 facilitates reduced ascorbic acid (AA) transport in MC3T3-E1 osteoblasts. Our previous studies suggested that Zn-induced osteoblast differentiation and Ca2+-, PO4(3-)-stimulated osteopontin (OPN) expression might result from their up-regulation effect on SVCT2 expression and AA uptake. Here, we investigated the role of SVCT2 on osteoblast differentiation by using SVCT2-overexpressing cells. Two clones of SVCT2-introduced cells overexpressed SVCT2 mRNA by 2.8- and 3.1-fold those of control cells, which resulted in obvious increase of AA uptake by 2.1- and 2.4-fold in Vmax with no change in Km. Alkaline phosphatase activity, hydroxyproline content significantly increased in SVCT2-overexpressing cells, and the induction of OPN mRNA was through up-regulation of OPN promoter activity by SVCT2 overexpression. Moreover, SVCT2-overexpressing cells exhibited more ability to promote mineralization and increase calcium deposition under the stimulation of 5 mM beta-glycerophosphate. These findings indicate that SVCT2 stimulates osteoblast differentiation and mineralization.
This article was published in Biochem Biophys Res Commun
and referenced in Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy