Author(s): Yoneda K, Rokutan K, Nakamura Y, Yanagawa H, KondoTeshima S,
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Abstract An IgE-dependent histamine-releasing factor (HRF p23; also known as translationally controlled tumor protein or p23) stimulates the release of histamine, IL-4, and IL-13 from a subpopulation of highly allergic donor basophils. It has also been shown to act as a chemoattractant for eosinophils. To elucidate novel functions of HRF p23 in airway inflammation, we examined the effects of human recombinant HRF p23 (hrHRF) on bronchial epithelium and found that hrHRF stimulated the secretions of IL-8 and granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor by both primary cultures of human bronchial epithelial cells and BEAS-2B cells. In response to hrHRF, these cells induced IL-8 mRNA expression within 4 h. H2O2, but not IL-1 beta or tumor necrosis factor-alpha, stimulated secretion of HRF p23 by BEAS-2B cells, suggesting that oxidative stress may trigger the release of HRF p23 from bronchial epithelial cells. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) from healthy volunteers contained only trivial or undetectable amounts of HRF p23. Significantly higher amounts of HRF p23 were recovered from BAL fluid taken from asthmatic patients, and the amounts of HRF p23 were further elevated in patients with idiopathic eosinophilic pneumonia. Our results demonstrate for the first time that HRF p23 can stimulate nonimmune epithelium. HRF p23 derived from bronchial epithelial cells may regulate complex cytokine networks in eosinophil-dependent inflammation of the human airway.
This article was published in Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol
and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta