Author(s): Peattie RA, Nayate AP, Firpo MA, Shelby J, Fisher RJ,
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Abstract Crosslinked hyaluronic acid (HA) hydrogels were evaluated for their ability to elicit new microvessel growth in vivo when preloaded with one of two cytokines, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) or basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF). HA film samples were surgically implanted in the ear pinnas of mice, and the ears retrieved 7 or 14 days post implantation. Histologic analysis showed that all groups receiving an implant demonstrated significantly more microvessel density than control ears undergoing surgery but receiving no implant (p < 0.01). Moreover, aqueous administration of either growth factor produced substantially more vessel growth than an HA implant with no cytokine. However, the most striking result obtained was a dramatic synergistic interaction between HA and VEGF. Presentation of VEGF in crosslinked HA generated vessel density of NI = 6.7 at day 14, where NI is a neovascularization index defined below, more than twice the effect of the sum of HA alone (NI = 1.8) plus VEGF alone (NI=1.3). This was twice the vessel density generated by co-addition of HA and bFGF (NI=3.4, p<0.001). New therapeutic approaches for numerous pathologies could be notably enhanced by the localized, synergistic angiogenic response produced by release of VEGF from crosslinked HA films.
This article was published in Biomaterials
and referenced in Advanced Techniques in Biology & Medicine