alexa Stimulation of tumor necrosis factor-alpha production by mycoplasmas and inhibition by dexamethasone in cultured astrocytes.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Steroids & Hormonal Science

Author(s): Brenner T, Yamin A, Abramsky O, Gallily R

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Elevated levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF alpha) and other cytokines and eicosanoids in the central nervous system (CNS) have been noted in several human neurologic diseases, including multiple sclerosis and AIDS dementia. Recently it was shown that glial cells, especially astrocytes, are a major source of cytokines and eicosanoids. In the present study we have shown that astrocytes derived from fetal rat brain triggered by mycoplasmas produce TNF alpha and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2). Addition of mycoplasma (Mycoplasma capricolum isolated from sheep and M. fermentans KL-4 from human) at a concentration of 1-50 micrograms protein/ml (2 x 10(7)-10(9) colony forming units/ml), as well as lipopolysaccharide (5 micrograms/ml), led to a 200-500-fold increase in TNF alpha and a 2.5-4.5-fold increase in PGE2 production. Preincubation of the cells with the synthetic glucocorticoid, dexamethasone (2 x 10(-5)-2 x 10(-8) M), as well as with the natural hormone, corticosterone, markedly inhibited the secretion of both TNF alpha and PGE2. Thus, mycoplasmas can be added to the wide variety of agents that stimulate glial cells to produce cytokines and eicosanoids, and may contribute to various CNS pathological manifestations. In addition, the ability of glucocorticoids to inhibit particularly the stimulated productions of TNF alpha and PGE2 may explain at least in part the therapeutic benefit of these agents in CNS inflammation and demyelination.
This article was published in Brain Res and referenced in Journal of Steroids & Hormonal Science

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

  • Xavier Guerrero-Pich
    Xavier-Guerrero-Pich-Polytechnical-University-of-Catalonia-Spain-Numerical-Study-on-Active-Flow-Control-using-Synthetic-Jet-Actuators-over-a-NACA-4421-Airf
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Alessandro Pini
    A novel synthetic antimicrobial peptide for the cure of gram-negative infections: Mechanism of action, efficacy in vivo, toxicity, bio-distribution and resistance selection
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • K Mulkijanyan
    Plant biopolymers from Boraginaceae family species and their synthetic derivatives: Prospective pharmacological agents
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Manoj Kumar Chhikara
    How promising is the development of a semi-synthetic meningococcal conjugate vaccine ?
    PDF Version
  • Jianbo Wang
    Transcriptome and small RNA gene expression changes in synthetic allohexaploids of
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Werner Lottermoser
    Application of a Difference Electron Nanoscope (DEN): Correlation between 3D Magnetical Structures of Synthetic Fayalite with Synchrotron and Neutron Diffraction and Mössbauer Spectroscopy
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Jianping Yu
    Photosynthetic Ethylene Production in a Cyanobacterium
    PDF Version
  • Murad H. Al-Salamat
    Design of small synthetic molecules that mimic IL-4 binding to IL-4Rα, which therefore promotes alternate macrophage differentiation (M2) with minimal effect on the endothelial and vascular IL-4Rα.
    PDF Version

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords