alexa Stomach-specific anti-H. pylori therapy. I: Preparation and characterization of tetracyline-loaded chitosan microspheres.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

Author(s): Hejazi R, Amiji M

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Abstract The main objective of the study was to develop a stomach-specific drug delivery system to increase the efficacy of tetracycline against Helicobacter pylori. Chitosan microspheres were prepared by ionic cross-linking and precipitation with sodium sulfate. Two different methods were used for drug loading. In method I, tetracycline was mixed with chitosan solution before the simultaneous cross-linking and precipitation. In method II, the drug was incubated with pre-formed microspheres for 48 h. The cumulative amount of tetracycline that was released from chitosan microspheres and the stability of the drug was examined in different pH medium at 37 degrees C. Microspheres with a spherical shape and an average diameter of 2.0-3.0 microm were formed. When the drug was added to the polymer solution before cross-linking and precipitation only 8\% (w/w) was optimally incorporated in the final microsphere formulation. When the drug was incubated with the pre-formed microspheres, on the other hand, a maximum of 69\% (w/w) could be loaded. Thirty percent of tetracycline either in solution or when released from microspheres was found to degrade at pH 1.2 in 12 h. The preliminary results from this study suggest that chitosan microspheres can be used to incorporate antibiotic drugs and may be effective when administered locally in the stomach against H. pylori.
This article was published in Int J Pharm and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

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