Author(s): Gao YD, Zheng JW, Li P, Cheng M, Yang J
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role and underlying mechanisms of store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE) in mediating the promoting effect of transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 on the proliferation of airway smooth muscle cells (ASMCs). METHODS: Rat bronchial smooth muscle cells were cultured as we described previously. The intracellular Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)]i) of ASMCs was measured by laser confocal microscope Ca(2+) fluorescence imaging with Fluo-3/AM. 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and p27 expression assay were used to determine the proliferation rate of ASMCs. RESULTS: We demonstrated that TGF-β1 (10 ng/ml) increased basal (Ca(2+)]i) level, [Ca(2+)]i rise induced by thapsigargin-induced Ca(2+) release and SOCE in rat ASMCs. This effect of TGF-β1 on SOCE was not inhibited by glucocorticoid dexamethasone (DXM, 100 nM), antioxidant α-tocopherol (100 μM), and intermediate-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channels (IKCa) inhibitor charybdotoxin (100 nM), suggesting that reactive oxygen species and IKCa channels might not mediate the effect of TGF-β1. TGF-β1 slightly increased the expression of Orai1 and STIM1, two important molecules involved in the molecule component and regulation of SOC channels, in the presence of 10\% fetal bovine serum (FBS). The proliferation of ASMC stimulated with 2.5\% FBS was promoted by TGF-β1, and partly inhibited by non-specific Ca(2+) channel blocker SKF-96365 (10 μM) and Ni(2+) (100 μM). DXM, α-tocopherol, and charybdotoxin had no effect on the proliferation promoted by TGF-β1. CONCLUSION: TGF-β1 promotes ASMC proliferation partly through increasing the expression and activity of SOC channels.
This article was published in J Asthma
and referenced in Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology