Author(s): Kuntz M, Mysiorek C, Ptrault O, Ptrault M, Uzbekov R,
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Abstract The disappointing clinical outcomes of neuroprotectants challenge the relevance of preclinical stroke models and data in defining early cerebrovascular events as potential therapeutic targets. The kinetics of blood-brain barrier (BBB) leakage after reperfusion and the link with parenchymal lesion remain debated. By using in vivo and in vitro approaches, we conducted a kinetic analysis of BBB dysfunction during early reperfusion. After 60 minutes of middle cerebral artery occlusion followed by reperfusion times up to 24 hours in mice, a non-invasive magnetic resonance imaging method, through an original sequence of diffusion-weighted imaging, determined brain water mobility in microvascular compartments (D*) apart from parenchymal compartments (apparent diffusion coefficient). An increase in D* found at 4 hours post reperfusion concurred with the onset of both Evans blue/Dextran extravasations and in vitro BBB opening under oxygen-glucose deprivation and reoxygenation (R). The BBB leakage coincided with an emerging cell death in brain tissue as well as in activated glial cells in vitro. The co-culture of BBB endothelial and glial cells evidenced a recovery of endothelium tightness when glial cells were absent or non-injured during R. Preserving the ischemic brain parenchymal cells within 4 hours of reperfusion may improve therapeutic strategies for cerebrovascular protection against stroke.
This article was published in J Cereb Blood Flow Metab
and referenced in Journal of Neuroinfectious Diseases