Author(s): DijkgraafTen Bolscher M, Netelenbos JC, Barto R, van Der Vijgh WJ
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Intestinal strontium absorption is becoming accepted as a clinical and diagnostic tool for assessing intestinal calcium absorption in humans. However, little is known about whether intestinal strontium absorption, like that of calcium, is stimulated by calcitriol in healthy humans. METHODS: The effect of calcitriol on intestinal strontium absorption was measured in eight healthy men, ages 20-60 years. Before administration of calcitriol, two tests were performed with an interval of 10 days for calculating the within-subject variation (SE(R)). Before the third test, 0.5 microg of calcitriol was given twice daily for 3 days. In each test, the fractional strontium absorption (Fc(240)) and the area under the concentration-time curve (AUC(0-240)) 4 h after an oral strontium load of 2.5 mmol were calculated. RESULTS: The within-subject SE(R) of Fc(240) and AUC(0-240) was 1.7 +/- 0.7 and 0.83 +/- 0.1, respectively. The stimulatory effect of calcitriol on Fc(240) and AUC(0-240) was 35\% (21.8 +/- 2.0 to 28.8 +/- 2.4; P = 0.003) and 61\% (8.97 +/- 0.97 to 14.4 +/- 1.3 mmol. L(-1). min; P = 0.001), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Although the reproducibility of AUC(0-240) and its sensitivity to calcitriol were better than those of Fc(240), the Fc(240) of strontium is preferred for a clinical test because of its simplicity, requiring only two instead of five blood samples.
This article was published in Clin Chem
and referenced in Journal of Autacoids and Hormones