Author(s): Buehler J, Chappuis P, Saffar JL, Tsouderos Y, Vignery A
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Abstract Strontium ranelate (S12911) has previously been shown to stimulate bone formation and inhibit bone resorption in rats. To determine whether strontium ranelate affects normal bone remodeling, we studied the effect of strontium ranelate on alveolar bone in monkeys. Strontium ranelate, at dosages of 100, 275, and 750 mg/kg per day, or vehicle, were given by gavage to 31 normal adult monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) (15 males, 16 females), aged 3-4 years. Treatment for 6 months with strontium ranelate resulted in an increase in plasma strontium concentration. Histomorphometric analyses of indices of bone formation and resorption were determined in standardized areas of alveolar bone. Treatment with strontium ranelate decreased the histomorphometric indices of bone resorption (osteoclast surface and number) with a maximal significant effect at the highest dose tested. In contrast to this inhibitory effect on bone resorption, strontium ranelate maintained bone formation. Although the amount of osteoid tended to increase, strontium ranelate, even at the highest dose, had no deleterious effect on bone mineralization, as evaluated by mineral apposition rate and osteoid thickness. These findings show that strontium ranelate decreases indices of bone resorption while maintaining bone formation in the alveolar bone in monkeys.
This article was published in Bone
and referenced in Bioceramics Development and Applications