alexa Structural analysis and evaluation of the aldosterone synthase gene in hypertension
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Author(s): Brand E, Chatelain N, Mulatero P, Fry I, Curnow K

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Anomalies in either of the tightly linked genes encoding the enzymes CYP11B1 (11beta-hydroxylase) or CYP11B2 (aldosterone synthase) can lead to important changes in arterial pressure and are responsible for several monogenically inherited forms of hypertension. Mutations in these genes or their regulatory regions could thus contribute to genetic variation in susceptibility to essential hypertension. To test this hypothesis, we performed 2 complementary studies of the CYP11B1/CYP11B2 locus in essential hypertension. After characterizing a DNA contig containing the CYP11B1 gene and mapping the gene in the Centre d'Etudes du Polymorphisme Humain reference panel of families, we performed a linkage study with 292 hypertensive sibling pairs and a highly informative microsatellite marker near CYP11B1. We also analyzed the association of 2 frequent biallelic polymorphisms of the CYP11B2 gene, 1 in the promoter at position -344 (-344C/T) and the other, a common gene conversion in intron 2, with hypertension in 380 hypertensive patients and 293 normotensive individuals. Statistical analyses did not show significant linkage of the CYP11B1 microsatellite marker to hypertension. No positive association with hypertension was found with the gene conversion in intron 2, but a positive association with hypertension was found with the -344T allele. The hypertensive and normotensive samples differed significantly in both genotype (P=0.023) and allele frequencies (P=0.010). Our data suggest a modest contribution of the CYP11B2 gene to essential hypertension.

This article was published in Hypertension. and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

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