Author(s): Desplanches D, Mayet MH, Sempore B, Flandrois R
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Abstract The purpose of this study was to investigate alterations in structural and functional properties in the soleus (SOL) and extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscles of rats after 1, 2, and 5 wk of tail suspension. Maximal O2 uptake was 19\% lower after 5 wk suspension. Loss of muscle mass was greater in SOL (63\%) than in EDL (22\%) muscle. A reduction of type I distribution was accompanied by an increase of intermediate fiber subgroups (int I in SOL, int II in EDL). The cross-sectional area of all three fiber types was reduced by hypokinesia. The decrease in capillaries per fiber in SOL was greater than the decrease in citrate synthase and 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase activities after 5 wk. No alteration in lactate dehydrogenase activity was noted. In EDL, no changes in fiber area, capillarization, and enzymatic activities occurred. Energy charge remained unchanged (0.91) whatever the muscle. These results suggest that type I fibers showed an earlier and greater susceptibility than type II fibers to suspension which is also accompanied by a decreased aerobic capacity.
This article was published in J Appl Physiol (1985)
and referenced in Journal of Bioanalysis & Biomedicine