Author(s): Duman O, Ayranci E
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Abstract The adsorption of anilinic compounds; aniline, p-toluidine, 1-napthylamine and sodium salt of diphenylamine-4-sulfonic acid from solutions in H2O, in 1 M H2SO4 or in 0.1 M NaOH onto activated carbon-cloth was studied by in situ UV spectroscopy. A specially designed adsorption cell was used for this purpose. The adsorption processes were found to follow first-order kinetics and the rate constants were determined. The pH at the point of zero charge of the carbon-cloth surface was measured as 7.4. The highest rates and extents of adsorption were observed from H2O solutions for aniline, p-toluidine and 1-napthylamine and from solution in 1 M H2SO4 for the sodium salt of diphenylamine-4-sulfonic acid. The adsorption behaviors of these four anilinic compounds in the three solutions (in H2O, in 0.1 M NaOH and in 1 M H2SO4) were explained in terms of electrostatic and dispersion interactions between carbon-cloth surface and the anilinic species. The adsorption isotherm data for the anilinic compounds were derived at 30 degrees C and treated according to Langmuir and Freundlich models. The Freundlich model was found to represent the experimental isotherm data better than Langmuir model.
This article was published in J Hazard Mater
and referenced in Journal of Environmental & Analytical Toxicology