Author(s): Hirai H, Takahara N, Kawamura T, Yamamoto Y, Yagi T
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Abstract High-pressure experiments of ethane hydrate and methane-ethane mixed hydrates with five compositions were performed using a diamond anvil cell in a pressure range of 0.1-2.8 GPa at room temperature. X-ray diffractometry and Raman spectroscopy showed structural changes as follows. The initial structure, structure I (sI), of ethane hydrate was retained up to 2.1 GPa without any structural change. For the mixed hydrates, sI was widely distributed throughout the region examined except for the methane-rich and lower pressure regions. For the ethane-rich and intermediate composition regions (73 mol \% ethane sample and 53\% sample), sI was maintained up to 2.1 GPa. With increasing methane component (34\% and 30\% samples), sI existed at pressures from 0.1 to about 1.0 GPa. Hexagonal structure (sH) appeared in addition to sI at 1.3 GPa for the 34\% sample and at 1.1 GPa for the 30\% sample. By further increasing the methane component (22\% sample), structure II (sII) existed solely up to 0.3 GPa. From 0.3 to 0.6 GPa, sII and sI coexisted, and from 0.6 to 1.0 GPa only sI existed. At 1.2 GPa sH appeared, and sH and sI coexisted up to 2.1 GPa. Above 2.1 GPa, ethane hydrate and all of the mixed hydrates decomposed into ice VI and ethane fluid or methane-ethane fluid, respectively. The Raman study revealed that occupation of the small cages by ethane molecules occurred above 0.1 GPa in ethane hydrate and continued up to decomposition at 2.1 GPa, although it is thought that ethane molecules are contained only in the large cage.
This article was published in J Chem Phys
and referenced in Industrial Engineering & Management