Author(s): Chesnoy S, Durand D, Doucet J, Couarraze G
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Abstract The purpose of this work was to study the effect of iontophoretic transport of Propranolol hydrochloride on the lipidic organization of the stratum corneum pretreated under passive or iontophoretic conditions by two model penetration enhancers, sodium lauryl sulfate and hexadecyl trimethylammonium bromide. Characterization of human stratum corneum was performed by X-ray diffraction, attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The structural properties were compared with the iontophoretic permeability of propranolol hydrochloride on human stratum corneum. The iontophoretic fluxes of propranolol hydrochloride were effectively increased by two-fold in stratum corneum pretreated with sodium lauryl sulfate. In contrast, they were halved in stratum corneum pretreated with hexadecyl trimethylammonium bromide. These results could be related to changes in the electrical and structural properties of the stratum corneum after incorporation of these enhancers.
This article was published in J Control Release
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy