Author(s): WierzbickaPatynowski I, Niewiarowski S, Marcinkiewicz C, Calvete JJ, Marcinkiewicz MM,
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Abstract There are key differences between the amino acid residues of the RGD loops and the C termini of echistatin, a potent antagonist of alpha(IIb)beta(3), alpha(v)beta(3) and alpha(5)beta(1), and eristostatin, a similar disintegrin selectively inhibiting alpha(IIb)beta(3). In order to identify echistatin motifs required for selective recognition of alpha(v)beta(3) and alpha(5)beta(1) integrins, we expressed recombinant echistatin, eristostatin, and 15 hybrid molecules. We tested them for their ability to inhibit adhesion of different cell lines to fibronectin and von Willebrand factor and to express ligand-induced binding site epitope. The results showed that Asp(27) and Met(28) support recognition of both alpha(v)beta(3) and alpha(5)beta(1). Replacement of Met(28) with Asn completely abolished echistatin's ability to recognize each of the integrins, while replacement of Met(28) with Leu selectively decreased echistatin's ability to recognize alpha(5)beta(1) only. Eristostatin in which C-terminal WNG sequence was substituted with HKGPAT exhibited new activity with alpha(5)beta(1), which was 10-20-fold higher than that of wild type eristostatin. A hypothesis is proposed that the C terminus of echistatin interacts with separate sites on beta(1) and beta(3) integrin molecules.
This article was published in J Biol Chem
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pharmacology