alexa Structure and stereochemistry of the active metabolite of clopidogrel.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Journal of Pharmacogenomics & Pharmacoproteomics

Author(s): Pereillo JM, Maftouh M, Andrieu A, Uzabiaga MF, Fedeli O,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Clopidogrel (SR25990C, PLAVIX) is a potent antiplatelet drug, which has been recently launched and is indicated for the prevention of vascular thrombotic events in patients at risk. Clopidogrel is inactive in vitro, and a hepatic biotransformation is necessary to express the full antiaggregating activity of the drug. Moreover, 2-oxo-clopidogrel has been previously suggested to be the essential key intermediate metabolite from which the active metabolite is formed. In the present paper, we give the evidence of the occurrence of an in vitro active metabolite after incubation of 2-oxo-clopidogrel with human liver microsomes. This metabolite was purified by liquid chromatography, and its structure was studied by a combination of mass spectometry (MS) and NMR experiments. MS results suggested that the active metabolite belongs to a family of eight stereoisomers with the following primary chemical structure: 2-[1-[1-(2-chlorophenyl)-2-methoxy-2-oxoethyl]-4-sulfanyl-3-piperidinylidene]acetic acid. Chiral supercritical fluid chromatography resolved these isomers. However, only one of the eight metabolites retained the biological activity, thus underlining the critical importance of associated absolute configuration. Because of its highly labile character, probably due to a very reactive thiol function, structural elucidation of the active metabolite was performed on the stabilized acrylonitrile derivative. Conjunction of all our results suggested that the active metabolite is of S configuration at C 7 and Z configuration at C 3-C 16 double bound.
This article was published in Drug Metab Dispos and referenced in Journal of Pharmacogenomics & Pharmacoproteomics

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords