alexa Structure of fucose branches in the glycosaminoglycan from the body wall of the sea cucumber Stichopus japonicus.
Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques

Author(s): Kariya Y, Watabe S, Kyogashima M, Ishihara M, Ishii T

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Abstract Fucose-branched chondroitin sulfate E was prepared from the body wall of sea cucumber Stichopus japonicus. The purified glycosaminoglycan (GAG) was chemically desulfated, followed by carboxyl reduction. Intact, desulfated, and desulfated/carboxyl-reduced GAG fractions were subjected to per-O-methylation. GC-MS analyses of the resultant partially methylated alditol acetates demonstrated that the fucose branch is formed by two fucopyranosyl residues linked glycosidically through position (1-->3), and that the fucose branch and glucuronic acid are almost equimolar. In addition, it was elucidated that about 20\% of the branches stretch from O-3 position of a glucuronic acid moiety of the core chondroitin sulfate polymer, while remaining fucose branches are postulated to protrude from O-4 and/or O-6 position(s) of a N-acetylgalactosamine moiety. This fucose branch was also confirmed to be highly sulfated according to six kinds of substitution pattern in methylation analysis.
This article was published in Carbohydr Res and referenced in Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques

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