alexa Structure of TIGIT immunoreceptor bound to poliovirus receptor reveals a cell-cell adhesion and signaling mechanism that requires cis-trans receptor clustering.


Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Stengel KF, HardenBowles K, Yu X, Rouge L, Yin J,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Nectins (nectin1-4) and Necls [nectin-like (Necl1-5)] are Ig superfamily cell adhesion molecules that regulate cell differentiation and tissue morphogenesis. Adherens junction formation and subsequent cell-cell signaling is initiated by the assembly of higher-order receptor clusters of cognate molecules on juxtaposed cells. However, the structural and mechanistic details of signaling cluster formation remain unclear. Here, we report the crystal structure of poliovirus receptor (PVR)/Nectin-like-5/CD155) in complex with its cognate immunoreceptor ligand T-cell-Ig-and-ITIM-domain (TIGIT). The TIGIT/PVR interface reveals a conserved specific "lock-and-key" interaction. Notably, two TIGIT/PVR dimers assemble into a heterotetramer with a core TIGIT/TIGIT cis-homodimer, each TIGIT molecule binding one PVR molecule. Structure-guided mutations that disrupt the TIGIT/TIGIT interface limit both TIGIT/PVR-mediated cell adhesion and TIGIT-induced PVR phosphorylation in primary dendritic cells. Our data suggest a cis-trans receptor clustering mechanism for cell adhesion and signaling by the TIGIT/PVR complex and provide structural insights into how the PVR family of immunoregulators function.
This article was published in Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version