Author(s): Nicholls MP, Paul PK
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Abstract The structures of thermodynamically stable aromatic boronic acid : cyclic carbohydrate chelates in aqueous alkaline media have been studied using 1H NMR spectroscopy and molecular modelling. It is found that interacting saccharides must necessarily possess a synperiplanar diol functionality for complexation to occur. While this is possible for furanose structures which tend to have a puckered planar geometry, for pyranose forms it is postulated that bis-complexation occurs with twist conformers of the pyranose ring, providing the ring has the requisite 1,2 : 3,4 polyol stereochemistry; specifically axial,equatorial : equatorial,axial or equatorial,axial : axial,equatorial orientations. In this respect it is possible to be predictive with regard to individual carbohydrate boronic acid interactions and to give reasonably comprehensive structural assignments to complexed components. In this paper twenty four polyhydroxy compounds have been screened using 1H NMR to monitor complexation along with computational techniques on a model system to substantiate proposed structures. It has been found that all of these materials interact with aromatic mono boronic acids as expected and structures for the resulting chelates are proposed.
This article was published in Org Biomol Chem
and referenced in Journal of Glycomics & Lipidomics