Author(s): Miller SP, Awasthi YC, Srivastava SK
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Abstract gamma-Glutamyl transpeptidase, present in various mammalian tissues, transfers the gamma-glutamyl moiety of glutathione to a variety of acceptor amino acids and peptides. This enzyme has been purified from human kidney cortex about 740-fold to a specific activity of 200 units/mg of protein. The purification steps involved incubation of the homogenate at 37 degrees followed by centrifugation and extraction of the sediment with 0.1 M Tris-HCl buffer, pH 8.0, containing 1\% sodium deoxycholate; batchwise absorption on DEAE-cellulose; DEAE-cellulose (DE52) column chromatography; Sephadex G-200 gel filtration; and affinity chromatography using concanavalin A insolubilized on beaded Agarose. Detergents were used throughout the purification of the enzyme. The purified enzyme separated into three protein bands, all of which had enzyme activity, on polyacrylamide disc electrophoresis in the presence of Triton X-100. The enzyme has an apparent molecular weight of about 90,000 as shown by Sephadex G-200 gel filtration, and appears to be a tetramer with subunits of molecular weights of about 21,000. The Km for gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase using the artificial substrate, gamma-glutamyl-p-nitroanilide, with glycylglycine as the acceptor amino acid was found to be about 0.8 mM. The optimum pH for the enzyme activity is 8.2 and the isoelectric point is 4.5. Both GSH and GSSG competitively inhibited the activity of gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase when gamma-glutamyl-p-nitroanilide was used as the substrate. Treatment of the purified enzyme with papain has no effect on the enzyme activity or mobility on polyacrylamide disc electrophoresis. The purified gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase had no phosphate-independent glutaminase activity. The ratio of gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase to phosphate-independent glutaminase changed significantly through the initial steps of gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase purification. These studies indicate that the transpeptidase and phosphate-independent glutaminase activities are not exhibited by the same protein in human kidney.
This article was published in J Biol Chem
and referenced in Biochemistry & Physiology: Open Access