Author(s): Nehete PN, Casement KS, Arlinghaus RB, Sastry KJ
Abstract Share this page
Abstract We have previously reported the induction of MHC class I-restricted, CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) specific to human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) in mice by a 15-amino acid peptide (R15K) from the V3 loop in gp120. We now present evidence showing that CTL activity induced by R15K was stable for 8-10 weeks after a single injection and that as little as 20 micrograms peptide was sufficient for efficient CTL induction in vivo. While induction of CTLs was efficient with R15K emulsified in either complete or incomplete Freund's adjuvant, only a low-level CTL response was observed in mice immunized with R15K in either alum or saline. We analyzed a series of carrier-free synthetic peptides ranging in length from 8 to 24 amino acids from the V3 loop region and observed that peptide R10I consisting of 10 amino acids from the middle portion of R15K was more efficient for CTL induction. Additionally, lymph node cells from mice immunized with 24 and 15 amino acid peptides (N24G and R15K, respectively) when restimulated in vitro with R10I exhibited greater HIV-1 env-specific CTL activity than when either of the longer peptides was used for restimulation. A peptide consisting of only 8 amino acids (R8K) was sufficient neither for inducing primary CTLs nor for in vitro restimulation of lymph node CTL precursors. These results establish that a carrier-free 10-amino acid synthetic peptide from the V3 loop region in HIV-1 gp120 has the optimal sequence for efficient induction of HIV env-specific CTLs in mice.
This article was published in Cell Immunol
and referenced in Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals