alexa Studies on the mechanism of 4-aminophenol-induced toxicity to renal proximal tubules.
Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques

Author(s): Lock EA, Cross TJ, Schnellmann RG, Lock EA, Cross TJ, Schnellmann RG

Abstract Share this page

Abstract 4-Aminophenol (PAP) is known to cause nephrotoxicity in the rat where it produces selective necrosis to renal proximal tubules. The aim of this work was to investigate the toxicity of PAP and its known nephrotoxic metabolite 4-amino-3-S-glutathionylphenol using a well defined suspension of rabbit renal proximal tubules. PAP at a concentration of 0.5 mM and 1 mM caused proximal tubule cell death (measured by lactate dehydrogenase release) in a time-dependent manner over a 4-h exposure. In contrast, 4-amino-3-S-glutathionylphenol at 1 mM produced no proximal tubule cell death over a similar 4-h exposure. At 2 h, 1 mM PAP inhibited proximal tubule respiration by 30\% and decreased cellular adenosine triphosphate (ATP) levels by 60\%. These events preceded cell death. The addition of PAP to proximal tubules led to a rapid depletion of cellular glutathione, exposure to 0.5 mM causing a 50\% depletion within 1 h. The cytochrome P-450 inhibitors SKF525A (1 mM) and metyrapone (1 mM), the iron chelator deferoxamine (1 mM) and the antioxidant N,N'-phenyl-1,4-phenylenediamine (2 microM) had no effect on PAP-induced cell death. However ascorbic acid (0.1 mM), afforded a marked protection against the depletion of cellular glutathione and completely protected against the cell death produced by 1 mM-PAP. These results indicate that oxidation of PAP to generate a metabolite that can react with glutathione is an important step in the toxicity, while mitochondria appear to be a critical target for the reactive intermediate formed.
This article was published in Hum Exp Toxicol and referenced in Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords