alexa Study of flow-induced hemolysis using novel Couette-type blood-shearing devices.


Journal of Applied Mechanical Engineering

Author(s): Zhang T, Taskin ME, Fang HB, Pampori A, Jarvik R,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract To assist the development and application of blood-contacting medical devices, two novel flow-through Couette-type blood-shearing devices have been developed to study the quantitative relationship between blood damage indexes and flow-dependent parameters. One device is an axial flow-through Couette-type device supported by a pair of pin bearings adapted from the adult Jarvik 2000 blood pump. The other is a centrifugal flow-through Couette-type device supported with magnetic bearings adapted from the CentriMag blood pump. In both devices, a rotor spindle was used to replace the original impeller blades so that a small gap was created between the housing and the rotating spindle surface. Computational fluid dynamics simulations have shown that a uniform, high shear stress region can be generated inside the small gap while the shear stresses elsewhere are relatively low. The possibility of secondary blood damage caused by mechanical seals was eliminated due to the use of a magnetic rotor system. Blood flow through the gap was driven by an externally pressurized reservoir. By adjusting the rotational speed and blood flow rate, shear-induced hemolysis was quantified at a matrix of exposure time (0.039 to 1.48 s) and shear stress (50 to 320 Pa). All of the experiments were conducted at room temperature using heparinized ovine blood with a hematocrit value of 30\%. The measured hemolysis levels were much lower than those published in the literature, and the overestimation of those earlier studies may be attributable to device-related secondary blood-damaging effects. A new set of coefficients for the power law model was derived from the regression of the experimental data. © 2011, Copyright the Authors. Artificial Organs © 2011, International Center for Artificial Organs and Transplantation and Wiley Periodicals, Inc. This article was published in Artif Organs and referenced in Journal of Applied Mechanical Engineering

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version