Author(s): Zhang T, Taskin ME, Fang HB, Pampori A, Jarvik R,
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Abstract To assist the development and application of blood-contacting medical devices, two novel flow-through Couette-type blood-shearing devices have been developed to study the quantitative relationship between blood damage indexes and flow-dependent parameters. One device is an axial flow-through Couette-type device supported by a pair of pin bearings adapted from the adult Jarvik 2000 blood pump. The other is a centrifugal flow-through Couette-type device supported with magnetic bearings adapted from the CentriMag blood pump. In both devices, a rotor spindle was used to replace the original impeller blades so that a small gap was created between the housing and the rotating spindle surface. Computational fluid dynamics simulations have shown that a uniform, high shear stress region can be generated inside the small gap while the shear stresses elsewhere are relatively low. The possibility of secondary blood damage caused by mechanical seals was eliminated due to the use of a magnetic rotor system. Blood flow through the gap was driven by an externally pressurized reservoir. By adjusting the rotational speed and blood flow rate, shear-induced hemolysis was quantified at a matrix of exposure time (0.039 to 1.48 s) and shear stress (50 to 320 Pa). All of the experiments were conducted at room temperature using heparinized ovine blood with a hematocrit value of 30\%. The measured hemolysis levels were much lower than those published in the literature, and the overestimation of those earlier studies may be attributable to device-related secondary blood-damaging effects. A new set of coefficients for the power law model was derived from the regression of the experimental data. © 2011, Copyright the Authors. Artificial Organs © 2011, International Center for Artificial Organs and Transplantation and Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
This article was published in Artif Organs
and referenced in Journal of Applied Mechanical Engineering