Author(s): Yamanaka T, Ueno T, Oki M, Taniguchi H, Ohyama T
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Abstract Using a modal analysis system, we carried out a comparative assessment of the vibratory properties of the maxillary dentition of a human dry skull with a different distal end of a mouthguard. Mouthguards used in this study were: 1. a mouthguard covering up to the third molar (8MG), 2. the second molar (7MG), 3. the first molar (6MG), and 4. the second premolar (5MG). To identify the modal shape, the frequency response functions were recorded on a fast Fourier transform analyzer from the force signal impacted with a vibration generator and the response signal picked up using a laser-doppler vibrometer. The transient response waves were obtained throughout the transient response simulation procedures after curve-fitting procedures. Mean decay rates (sec(-1)) of the transient response waves were calculated for the anteriors, premolars and molars, and compared among different sets of experimental conditions. The decay rates became lower as the distal end of a mouthguard was short. The decay rates with 8MG, 7MG and 6MG (anteriors) exceeded the no mouthguard's decay rate + 2S.D. values. These results imply that a mouthguard should distally cover up to the second molar at least to ensure efficient absorption and/or dispersion of a traumatic force.
This article was published in J Med Dent Sci
and referenced in Dentistry