Author(s): Poon R, Lecavalier P, Mueller R, Valli VE, Procter BG,
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Abstract The subchronic oral toxicity of di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) and di-n-octyl phthalate (DNOP) was studied. Groups of 10 male and 10 female Sprague-Dawley rats were administered DEHP in the diet at 0, 5, 50, 500 or 5000 ppm for 13 wk. In a separate study, groups of 10 male and 10 female Sprague-Dawley rats were given DNOP (5, 50, 500 and 5000 ppm) in the diet while control groups received basal diet containing 4\% corn oil and positive control groups were fed a diet containing 5000 ppm DEHP. Growth rate and food consumption were not affected by treatment with either compound. Hepatomegaly was observed in the highest dose groups of both sexes administered DEHP but not in the DNOP-treated animals. At the highest dose, DNOP caused threefold (females) and 12-fold (males) increases in liver ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase activity while DEHP did not. Mild changes in serum biochemistries were mostly confined to rats in the highest dose group of DEHP, and included increased serum albumin and albumin/globulin ratio in both sexes and decreased cholesterol in female rats. Mild vacuolations in the Sertoli cells were observed in male rats exposed to 500 ppm DEHP. At 5000 ppm DEHP, there was mild to moderate seminiferous tubule atrophy and Sertoli cell vacuolation in males, and rats of both sexes showed hepatic peroxisome proliferation. Both DEHP and DNOP at 5000 ppm caused mild histological changes in the thyroid consisting of reduced follicle size and colloid density, and the liver consisting of endothelial nuclear prominence, nuclear hyperchromicity and anisokaryosis. There was accentuation of zonation of the hepatic lobules and increased perivenous cytoplasmic vacuolation in DNOP-treated rats. Trace quantities (3-5 ppm) of DEHP and DNOP were detected in the liver, and 15-31 ppm were found in adipose tissue of the highest dose groups. The no observed-effect-level was judged to be 50 ppm in the diet or 3.7 mg/kg body weight/day for DEHP, and 500 ppm or 36.8 mg/kg body weight/day for DNOP.
This article was published in Food Chem Toxicol
and referenced in Clinical Pharmacology & Biopharmaceutics