Author(s): Demetriades D, Asensio JA
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Abstract Injuries to the subclavian or axillary vessels are associated with a high mortality rate and only patients with short prehospital periods or contained bleeding survive long enough to be treated. The surgical exposure of these vessels can be difficult and excellent knowledge of the local anatomy is critical. This article describes the anatomy, epidemiology, diagnosis, and surgical exposure of these injuries. Newer diagnostic and therapeutic modalities are discussed also.
This article was published in Surg Clin North Am
and referenced in Emergency Medicine: Open Access