alexa Subcutaneous vaccination with attenuated Salmonella enterica serovar Choleraesuis C500 expressing recombinant filamentous hemagglutinin and pertactin antigens protects mice against fatal infections with both S. enterica serovar Choleraesuis and Bordetella
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination

Author(s): Zhao Z, Xue Y, Wu B, Tang X, Hu R

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Salmonella enterica serovar Choleraesuis strain C500 is a live, attenuated vaccine that has been used in China for over 40 years to prevent piglet paratyphoid. We compared the protective efficacies of subcutaneous (s.c.) and oral vaccination of BALB/c mice with C500 expressing the recombinant filamentous hemagglutinin type I domain and pertactin region 2 domain antigen (rF1P2) of Bordetella bronchiseptica. Protective efficacy against both S. enterica serovar Choleraesuis infection in an oral fatal challenge model and B. bronchiseptica infection in a model of fatal acute pneumonia was evaluated. Both the s.c. and oral vaccines conferred complete protection against fatal infection with the virulent parent S. enterica serovar Choleraesuis strain (C78-1). All 20 mice vaccinated s.c. survived intranasal challenge with four times the 50% lethal dose of virulent B. bronchiseptica (HH0809) compared with 4 of 20 vector-treated controls and 1 of 18 phosphate-buffered saline-treated controls that survived, but no significant protection against HH0809 was observed in orally vaccinated animals. Both the s.c. and oral vaccines elicited rF1P2-specific serum immunoglobulin G (IgG) and IgA antibodies. However, lung homogenates from s.c. vaccinated animals had detectably high levels of rF1P2-specific IgG and IgA; a much lower level of rF1P2-specific IgG was detected in samples from orally vaccinated mice, and the latter showed no evidence of local IgA. Furthermore, a more abundant and longer persistence of vaccine organisms was observed in the lungs of mice immunized s.c. than in those of mice immunized orally. Our results suggest that s.c. rather than oral vaccination is more efficacious in protecting mice from fatal challenge with B. bronchiseptica.

This article was published in Infect Immun. and referenced in Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination

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