alexa Subnuclear shuttling of human telomerase induced by transformation and DNA damage.
Microbiology

Microbiology

Virology & Mycology

Author(s): Wong JM, Kusdra L, Collins K

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The telomerase ribonucleoprotein complex caps chromosome ends by adding telomeric repeats. Here we show that catalytically active human telomerase has a regulated intranuclear localization that is dependent on the cell-cycle stage, transformation and DNA damage. In primary cell lines, low expression of a fusion protein of green fluorescent protein and telomerase reverse transcriptase (GFP-hTERT) increases telomerase activity and stabilizes the maintenance of telomere length. Confocal microscopy shows that the release of telomerase to the nucleoplasm from sequestration at nucleolar sites is enhanced at the expected time of telomere replication. By contrast, in tumour and transformed cells, there is an almost complete dissociation of telomerase from nucleoli at all stages of the cell cycle. Transfection of the simian virus 40 genome into a primary cell line is sufficient to mobilize telomerase from nucleoli to the nucleoplasm. Conversely, ionizing radiation induces the reassociation of telomerase with nucleoli in both primary and transformed cells. These findings show that transformation and DNA damage have opposite effects on the cellular regulation of active telomerase, affecting the enzyme's access to both telomeric and nontelomeric substrates. This article was published in Nat Cell Biol and referenced in Virology & Mycology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords