Author(s): Duicu O, Juc C, Falni L, Miric S, Maximov D,
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Abstract High-resolution respirometry of permeabilized myocardial fibers offers reliable insights concerning the integrated mitochondrial function while using small amounts of cardiac tissue. The aim of the present study was to assess the respiratory function in permeabilized fibers of human right atrial appendages harvested from patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) (n = 6) versus patients with valvular disease (n = 5) and preserved ejection fraction that underwent non-emergency cardiac surgery. Human bundle samples (1-3 mg wet weight) permeabilized with saponin were transferred into the 2 ml Oxygraph-2 k chambers to measure complex I(CI) and II (CII)-dependent respiration, respectively. The following values (expressed in pmol/s mg) were obtained for CI-dependent respiration: oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS), 35.65 ± 1.10 versus 42.43 ± 1.08, electron transport system (ETS), 37.87 ± 1.72 versus. 46.58 ± 1.85, and respiratory control ratio (RCR, calculated as the ratio between OXPHOS and LEAK states), 2.43 ± 0.09 versus 2.73 ± 0.068 (p < 0.05). In conclusion, in patients with CHD we showed a significant decline for the OXPHOS capacity, ETS and RCR for mitochondria energized with CI (but not with CII) substrates. These observations are suggestive for an early impairment of complex I supported respiration in ischemic heart disease, as previously demonstrated in the setting of experimental ischemia/reperfusion in several animal species.
This article was published in Mol Cell Biochem
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology