alexa Sub-Tg relaxations due to dipolar solutes in nonpolar glass-forming solvents.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

Author(s): Shahin M, Murthy SS

Abstract Share this page

Abstract It is well known that rigid dipolar solutes (in smaller quantity) dispersed in a nonpolar glassy matrix exhibit a sub-T(g) (or beta(s)) relaxation due to the solute often designated as Johari-Goldstein (JG) relaxation, which is intermolecular in nature. In this article, we report the results of our study of such a sub-T(g) process in a wide variety of dipolar solutes in different glassy systems using dielectric spectroscopy over a frequency range of 20-10(6) Hz down to a temperature of 77 K. The T(g) of these solutions are determined using differential scanning calorimetry. The solvents used in this study are o-terphenyl (OTP), isopropylbenzene (IPB), and methylcyclohexane. In the case of rigid molecular solutes, like mono-halogen benzenes, the activation energy (DeltaE(beta)) of the beta(s) process is found to increase with decreasing T(g) of the solvent, with a corresponding decrease in the magnitude of the beta(s) process. In the case of more symmetrical molecular solute, for example, tert-butylchloride, the change in DeltaE(beta) is not very appreciable. These results emphasize the importance of the size of the cage of the host matrix in the relaxation of the solute molecules. We have also studied the sub-T(g) relaxation(s) due to some flexible molecular solutes, viz., 1butylbromide, 1hexylbromide, 1butylacetate, and benzylacetate. These solutes in IPB matrix exhibit only one relaxation, whereas in OTP matrix they exhibit an additional sub-T(g) process, which may be identified with a JG type of relaxation. These observations lead us to the conclusion that the beta process observed in the glassy states of these pure solutes is predominantly intramolecular in nature. (c) 2005 American Institute of Physics. This article was published in J Chem Phys and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

OMICS International Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version