alexa Subunit structure of thrombin-activated porcine factor VIII.


Journal of Blood Disorders & Transfusion

Author(s): Lollar P, Parker CG

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Abstract Factor VIII (fVIII) is synthesized as a single chain having a domainal sequence A1-A2-B-A3-C1-C2. Analysis of the proteolyic cleavage of fVIII by thrombin by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) identifies three fragments designated fVIIIA1, fVIIIA2, and fVIIIA3-C1-C2 with fragment(s) derived from the B domain being difficult to visualize. The appearance of these fragments is associated with the development of coagulant activity, but the activity is labile without further apparent proteolysis. In this study, porcine fVIII was reacted with thrombin until peak coagulant activity was obtained and then subjected to cation-exchange (Mono S) high-pressure liquid chromatography. Coagulant activity was recovered in a single peak that contained all three fragments and was stable for weeks at 20 degrees C in 0.65 M NaCl/0.01 M His-HCl/0.005 M CaCl2 at pH 6.0. Analytical ultracentrifugation of activated fVIII was done to test whether all three fragments were associated. The apparent molecular weight of activated fVIII from equilibrium sedimentation increased from 148,000 to 161,000 as the loading concentration was increased from 0.06 to 0.16 mg/mL. This agrees well with the summed apparent molecular weights of fVIIIA1, fVIIIA2, and fVIIIA3-C1-C2 calculated from SDS-PAGE analysis (148,000) or from the amino acid sequence of human fVIII (159,000). This establishes the major species in the preparation as a fVIIIA1/A2/A3-C1-C2 heterotrimer and additionally indicates either weak self-association of the trimer and/or incomplete association of the individual subunits to form the trimer. Velocity sedimentation of activated fViii revealed a single boundry (S020,w = 7.2 S).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
This article was published in Biochemistry and referenced in Journal of Blood Disorders & Transfusion

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