Author(s): Bittner TC, Pannicke U, Renner ED, Notheis G, Hoffmann F,
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Abstract Autosomal dominant hyper-IgE syndrome (AD-HIES), characterised by eczema, increased susceptibility to skin and lung infections, elevated IgE and skeletal abnormalities is associated with heterozygous STAT3 mutations. The autosomal recessive variant (AR-HIES) has similar immunological findings but mainly lacks extraimmune manifestations. Several AR-HIES patients have recently been shown to harbour mutations in the gene for dedicator of cytokinesis 8 (DOCK8). Here, we present the long-term outcome of a girl having received a hematopoietic stem cell graft for an at that time genetically undefined combined immunodeficiency associated with severe eczema, multiple food allergies, excessively elevated serum IgE levels and eosinophilia. She was recently found to carry a homozygous nonsense mutation in the DOCK8 gene. HSCT resulted in complete immunological correction, even though mixed donor chimerism occurred. Clinically, the outcome was characterised by disappearance of skin manifestations and severe infections, improvement of pulmonary function and constant decline of IgE levels. Outcome in untransplanted DOCK8 deficient patients is poor because of frequent life-threatening infections, CNS bleeding and infarction, and increased susceptibility to malignancy. This argues for early curative therapeutic approaches, supported by this report of successful long-term outcome after HSCT. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
This article was published in Klin Padiatr
and referenced in Journal of Bioanalysis & Biomedicine