Author(s): Yoshimura I, Suzuki S, Tadakuma T, Hayakawa M
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Abstract The efficacy of combination suicide gene therapy was evaluated using a Herpes simplex virus-thymidine kinase/ganciclovir (HSV-TK/GCV) system and an Escherichia coli cytosine deaminase/5-fluorocytosine (CD/5-FC) system on the LNCaP human prostate cancer cell model. Two types of plasmid vectors with the HSV-TK gene were constructed. A constitutive chicken beta-actin promoter drove one and a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) promoter drove the other. Similarly, a pair of plasmids with the CD gene under a cytomegalovirus (CMV) promoter and the PSA promoter was also constructed. LNCaP cells were transfected in vitro with either or both of those plasmids using a cationic lipid reagent. Transfected cells were treated with GCV and/or 5-FC. The percentage of viable LNCaP cells 7 days after treatment with HSV-TK/GCV or CD/5-FC under a constitutive promoter was 40\% and 41\% of controls, respectively. The cell viability when two suicide genes were combined was 23\%. The cell viabilities after four days with PSA promoter-HSV-TK vectors, CD vectors and a combination of both were 79\%, 88\% and 88\%, respectively. Suicide gene therapy using either HSV-TK/GCV, CD/5-FC, or both, was effective in the LNCaP model. An additive effect was observed when the two suicide genes were used together. The PSA promoter did not seem to be effective enough to elicit cytotoxicity under the experimental conditions used here.
This article was published in Int J Urol
and referenced in Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy