alexa Sunitinib Indirectly Enhanced Anti-Tumor Cytotoxicity of Cytokine-Induced Killer Cells and CD3+CD56+ Subset through the Co-Culturing Dendritic Cells


Journal of Immunooncology

Author(s): Wongkajornsilp V, Wamanuttajinda K, Kasetsinsombat K, Duangsaard S, Sangiamsuntorn K

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Cytokine-induced killer (CIK) cells have reached clinical trials for leukemia and solid tumors. Their anti-tumor cytotoxicity had earlier been shown to be intensified after the co-culture with dendritic cells (DCs). We observed markedly enhanced anti-tumor cytotoxicity activity of CIK cells after the co-culture with sunitinib-pretreated DCs over that of untreated DCs. This cytotoxicity was reliant upon DC modulation by sunitinib because the direct exposure of CIK cells to sunitinib had no significant effect. Sunitinib promoted Th1-inducing and pro-inflammatory phenotypes (IL-12, IFN-γ and IL-6) in DCs at the expense of Th2 inducing phenotype (IL-13) and regulatory phenotype (PD-L1, IDO). Sunitinib-treated DCs subsequently induced the upregulation of Th1 phenotypic markers (IFN-γ and T-bet) and the downregulation of the Th2 signature (GATA-3) and the Th17 marker (RORC) on the CD3+CD56+ subset of CIK cells. It concluded that sunitinib-pretreated DCs drove the CD3+CD56+ subset toward Th1 phenotype with increased anti-tumor cytotoxicity.

This article was published in PLOS ONE and referenced in Journal of Immunooncology

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