alexa Superficial lumps in children: what, when, and why?
Pediatrics

Pediatrics

Pediatrics & Therapeutics

Author(s): Knight PJ, Reiner CB

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Deciding whether a visible or palpable lump should be excised in a trivial problem if one believes that every unexplained mass in an infant or a child must be promptly removed. But with the present increased public awareness of cancer, this approach would unnecessarily raise parental anxiety. This review of superficial lumps excised in infants and children shows that approximately 1\% are malignant. Although a precise diagnosis on the basis of clinical findings remains imperfect, four fifths of the malignant lesions can be recognized on the basis of five risk factors: onset in the neonatal period, a history of rapid or progressive growth, skin ulceration, fixation to or location deep to the fascia, and a firm mass greater than 3 cm in diameter. In the absence of any of these risk factors, parents can be reassured with a 99.7\% accuracy about the benign nature of their child's lump at the initial consultation. Approximately 6\% of these lumps will spontaneously regress and, therefore, do not require excision. However, more than 90\% of superficial lumps will persist or slowly enlarge and should be electively excised for cosmetic reasons, to prevent late infection or inflammation, and to diagnose the remaining three malignant lesions per thousand lumps that would not be recognized using the above five risk factors.
This article was published in Pediatrics and referenced in Pediatrics & Therapeutics

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords