alexa Superoxide-mediated cytotoxicity in superoxide dismutase-deficient fetal fibroblasts.
General Science

General Science

Biological Systems: Open Access

Author(s): Huang TT, Gillespie AM, Yasunami M, Reaume AG, Carlson EJ

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To investigate the roles of CuZn superoxide dismutase (CuZnSOD) and Mn superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) in oxygen radical-mediated cytotoxicity and to distinguish the actions of these two enzymes, fetal fibroblasts were derived from mouse fetuses that are either deficient in CuZnSOD (Sod1-/+ and -/-) or MnSOD (Sod2-1+ and -/-) for in vitro studies. Whereas the phenotype of the Sod1 mutant animals did not differ from that of their normal littermates, the growth of Sod1-/- fetal fibroblasts was only 25% of that of the -/+ and +/+ cells. On the other hand, although almost all homozygous Sod2 mutant animals (-/-) died within 10 days after birth, cultivation of Sod2-/- fetal fibroblasts was possible and their growth was about 60% that of -/+ and +/+ cells. When cultured cells were subjected to treatment with paraquat to assess their ability to grow in the presence of high levels of superoxide radicals, Sod1-/- cells were 80 times more sensitive and Sod2-/- cells were 12 times more sensitive to paraquat than wild-type cells. In addition, whereas the loss of 50% CuZnSOD rendered Sod1-/+ cells almost twice more sensitive to paraquat than +/+ cells, loss of 50% MnSOD had no effect on paraquat sensitivity. Our results suggest that CuZnSOD-deficient cells are more sensitive to oxygen toxicity than are MnSOD-deficient cells, that paraquat causes free radical-induced damage in both the mitochondria and cytoplasm, and that SOD compartmentalized in the cytosol cannot compensate for the loss of SOD in the mitochondria and vice versa.

This article was published in Arch Biochem Biophys and referenced in Biological Systems: Open Access

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