Author(s): Hyuga S, Yamagata S, Takatsu Y, Hyuga M, Nakanishi H,
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Abstract Ganglioside GD1a, which is highly expressed in poorly metastatic FBJ-S1 cells, has been shown to inhibit the serum-induced migration capability of highly metastatic FBJ-LL cells. In the present study, the capacity of FBJ-S1 cells to adhere to vitronectin was found to be about half that of FBJ-LL cells. Pre-treatment of FBJ-LL cells with GD1a decreased this capacity by 30\% that of the control, whereas GM1-pre-treatment caused only a 10\% decrease, indicating that GD1a specifically inhibits FBJ-LL cell adhesion to vitronectin. Since FBJ-LL cells contain almost no GD1a, transfectants capable of expressing GD1a to varying degrees were produced in this study by transfection of FBJ-LL cells with GM2/GD2-synthase cDNA. Decrease in the serum-induced migration capacity of these transfectants was accompanied by an increment in GD1a expression. Adhesion of the transfectants to vitronectin decreased by 30\% as compared with mock-transfected cells. Within 4 to 5 weeks after GD1a-expressing transfectant and mock-transfected cells were transplanted into mice, metastatic nodules were observed in liver, lung, kidney and adrenal glands of mock-transplanted mice, but not in those with GD1a-expressing transfectants, indicating that GD1a suppresses the metastasis of FBJ-osteosarcoma cells, possibly by inhibiting cell migration and cell adhesion. The involvement of the ganglioside in the suppression of metastasis is clearly demonstrated in the present study. Copyright 1999 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
This article was published in Int J Cancer
and referenced in Journal of Glycomics & Lipidomics